JVM Architecture with a diagram

Hello pal,

Most of the java beginners donno what is JVM and how the architecture of it will be i.e., JVM Inside..Lets explore what it is..

What is JVM??

In simple words,

  • Java Virtual Machine is not a real hardware machine but a software layer which resembles an hardware platform.
  • JVM converts java byte code into machine language and executes it
  • The byte code can be executed on any platform where jvm exists.


JVM Inside(JVM Architecture)


1. Class loader sub system: JVM’s class loader sub system performs 3 tasks
a. It loads .class file into memory.
b. It verifies byte code instructions.
c. It allots memory required for the program.

2. Run time data area: This is the memory resource used by JVM and it is divided into 5 parts
a. Method area: Method area stores class code and method code.
b. Heap: Objects are created on heap.
c. Java stacks: Java stacks are the places where the Java methods are executed. A Java stack contains frames. On each frame, a separate method is executed.
d. Program counter registers: The program counter registers store memory address of the instruction to be executed by the micro processor.
e. Native method stacks: The native method stacks are places where native methods (for example, C language programs) are executed. Native method is a function, which is written in another language other than Java.

3. Native method interface: Native method interface is a program that connects native methods libraries (C header files) with JVM for executing native methods.

4. Native method library: holds the native libraries information.

5. Execution engine: Execution engine contains interpreter and JIT compiler, which covert byte code into machine code. JVM uses optimization technique to decide which part to be interpreted and which part to be used with JIT compiler. The HotSpot represent the block of code executed by JIT compiler.